When a woman is faced with the onset of menopause, she knows that all the clinical manifestations of this period are directly related to changes in the menopause hormone levels in the organism. The climacteric stage is characterized by an involutive restructuring of the female body and inhibition of reproductive function, which entails an increase or decrease in the concentration of certain biological substances of a hormonal nature. With menopause, hormones can shift both in the direction of decrease, and in the direction of increase.
What Happens To Hormone Levels in Menopause?
At any stage in life, most physiological processes in the female body occur under the influence of hormonal factors. At the period of puberty under the influence of appropriate hormones, the growth and development of the organs of the reproductive system, as well as the mammary glands, is stimulated.
The biologically active substances that form female reproductive health include estrogen, follicle-stimulating hormone, progesterone, and luteinizing hormone.
Answering the question about what hormone levels during menopause decrease, one cannot but mention estrogens. In women over the age of 35, the process of inhibition of the production of these biologically active substances starts in the body. A decrease in estrogen concentration is only the primary link in a cascade of biological reactions that occur in menopause.
The next stage of involutive changes is the inhibition of progesterone menopause hormone levels production, which in turn stimulates the process of updating the mucous membrane of the uterine cavity and endometrium. Over time, the thickness of the endometrium decreases, as a result of which the necessary conditions for the onset of menstruation disappear.
At the final stage of menopause, the female ovaries cease to perform an estrogen-producing function.
Menopause Hormone Levels Chart
In order to select corrective measures, it is necessary to regularly monitor the menopause hormone levels. During the climacteric, not only progesterone and estrogen levels change, but also luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormones.
The level of the follicle-stimulating hormone is prone to cyclic fluctuations at a young age, however, with the onset of menopause, its amount increases to maximum values. In reproductive age, the normal level of this hormone is 10 mIU/ml. During menopause, this figure rises to 30-40 mIU/ml. In some women in the postmenopausal period, the levels of this hormone increased to 135 mIU/ml. If a woman of menopausal age is faced with an increase in the level of the follicle-stimulating hormone by 1.5-2 times, then soon she needs to expect the onset of menopause.
The previously mentioned estrogens are called hormones of youth, pregnancy, and beauty. Women’s health directly depends on the level of these biologically active substances. Lack of estrogen in the body is accompanied by such problems:
- Frequent headaches, nausea, fluctuations in blood pressure, as well as impaired coordination of movements;
- Dry skin and peeling, the early appearance of wrinkles, moles, papillomas and birthmarks;
- Increased local blood flow, which covers the neck, chest, and head. This process is accompanied by increased sweating, a feeling of heat and redness of the skin in these areas.
The minimum concentration of estradiol in a woman’s body in menopause is from 6 to 9 pg/ml. With a noticeable decrease in indicators, a woman is recommended hormone replacement therapy, since a deficiency of this hormone will lead to such consequences:
- Emotional lability;
- Decreased libido;
- The dry mucous membrane of the external genitalia and vagina;
- Decrease in the tone of the mammary glands;
- An increase in blood cholesterol;
- Slowing down degenerative processes in joints, bone tissue and skin.
The permissible upper limit of estradiol in the menopause is 82 pg/ml. With an increase in menopause hormone levels, a woman may experience insomnia, peripheral edema, increased weakness, digestive problems, soreness in the mammary gland, increased irritability, and hair loss.
Treatment of Menopause Hormone Levels Change
Hormonal changes that occur in women in menopause should not be cause for concern. If the concentration of the main hormones in the blood does not go beyond the physiological norm, then the woman does not need to take medication to improve overall health.
If the clinical symptoms of menopause worsen the quality of life, then a woman is prescribed hormone replacement therapy. The selection of the names and dosages of medicines is handled by the doctor individually. Before prescribing certain drugs, the specialist must make sure that there is a hormonal imbalance which is needed to be treated.
Hormonal imbalance affects all organs and systems without exception. The primary link that comes under attack is metabolic processes, that is why timely therapy of menopause hormone levels is so important and inevitable.